Biscuit-Joining Basics

Published On: June 19, 20210 Comments on Biscuit-Joining BasicsLast Updated: February 6, 20245.1 min read

Biscuit joints are also known as plate joiners. When it comes to joining 2-pieces of wood together, a biscuit joiner can come in handy. This machine works by cutting a crescent-shaped hole in different edges of the two pieces of wood. After cutting, you will need glue to join them together. We will have a broad discussion about the process down below.

Biscuit-Joining Basics

This machine has been serving woodworkers all over the world with great reliability. You will be able to solve almost all kinds of alignment and assembly problems with this machine. In this article, we will have a clear discussion about the Biscuit-Joining Basics.

History of Biscuit Joiner

The biscuit joining system was first introduced in 1956 by Hermann Steiner from Switzerland. Steiner was looking for a solution to join the chipboards and invented the lamella joining system. And the journey continued, then he came up with the circular saw and the biscuit joining machine. After that, he also invented the portable biscuit joiner for lamella grooves.

The Process

Using the biscuit joiner is not rocket science. You can just learn the basics in just 5-munites. Here we have the complete guideline for you as a starter.

1. Start with the Two Slot Test

First and foremost, you got to check the joiner’s depth setting. Let start with making a test slot. After that, stick in a biscuit and use a pencil to mark the line, where the biscuit connects the wood. Now you need to upside down the biscuit and mark a second line. It’s time to adjust the depth-setting dial on the tool as the overlap remains 1/8″.

2. Lining up the Pieces of Wood 

Now you need to line up the pieces of wood to join them. But make sure that their grains are facing the same way. Also, you need to ensure that tree rings look like the shape of an ark and the open end of their curve is pointing downward. This will help the wood from getting curved when the humidity gets high.

3. Draw a Triangle Across the Boards

Get a pencil and draw a tringle across the boards that you need to join. This triangle will help you as a guide to place the boards accordingly.

4. Mark Each Joint

Grab the pencil once more time and start marking each joint where you will place a biscuit. This biscuit has to be around 6″ apart. Now, layout the boards apart, cut a slot at each mark using the biscuit joiner, and center the cuts following the marks. You can use some wood glue along the length to join also the inside slots.

5. Put the Biscuit into the Slots

Now, put the biscuit into the slots of a wood piece. Then shove the biscuits into their right slots on the second wood piece. Brace both wood pieces together and give them some time to dry.

6. T-Joints

When it comes to perpendicular joints, making a bookshelf, you need to position the edge of one board facing another. Now, grab the boards to join them together, and mark both boards with a pencil to guide the biscuit cuts accordingly. Room the cuts around 6″ apart. You need to position the two boards side by side on top of each other.

7. The Finishing

You need to utilize the biscuit joiner to cut slots in the finished top piece of the wood. Go around the corner to the vertical position and start cutting match slots in the wood base. Gather the biscuits and a little bit of wood glue. Now, brace the joint together and give the glue some time to get dry.

Biscuit-Joining Basics - biscuit joiner

Essential Biscuit Joiner Safety Rules

You must be aware that a biscuit joiner is a machine with sharp blades. So, you got to be careful when it comes it deal with it. This section will talk about securing all elements, preparing the wood, and ensuring the blades and machine are correctly functioning, gearing up with proper safety equipment, and following the proper guidelines. If necessary, use good quality wood working clamps to fasten the pieces of wood. This will reduce your security risk.

So, let’s get into the details:

Preparing Your Work Area

You know that the work area is significantly related to safety and performance. First and foremost, you need to make sure that the area is free of any sharp and toxic chemicals. And also, you got to make sure that the work area is stable.

Securing the Wood

Before getting started with your project, you need to be familiar with the wood piece you will work on. Make sure there’s no crack in it, especially those edges you will be working on. It’s very important to ensure that the piece of wood is fresh.

Inspecting the List of Equipment’s

Before you kick off the project, you need to make sure you have all the tools ready and fit for the job. Most importantly making sure there is no damage in them. If you notice any visible damage to any tool, then you should avoid that tool right away. Especially, make sure they handle us alright.

Ensuring Your Safety

When working with any machine related to any sharp objects or electricity, you got to be extra careful. For example, paying attention when plugging and unplugging the device. If you are not careful, you might accidentally get electrified. Another important thing is ensuring you are wearing proper safety gear such as protective gloves, goggles, and masks.

Final Words

Having a biscuit joiner in your inventory will make your job a lot easier and comfortable. Yeah, indeed, you can also accomplish without a biscuit joiner. But listen, a biscuit joiner won’t cost you much so, if you can get something that will minimize the time and physical labor of your work, that will make your job more efficient and elegant so, it’s worth giving it a try. I hope after reading this article, you are now clear about the biscuit joining basics.

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