What is Welding?

Published On: January 3, 20230 Comments on What is Welding?Tags: Last Updated: January 24, 20243.3 min read

Welding is the process of permanently joining two pieces of metal together. It’s an essential part of many industrial and construction applications, from building skyscrapers to constructing pipelines and bridges. For those in the welding industry, there are a number of different types of welding, each with its own unique set of techniques and applications.

man welding

Let’s take a look at the basics of welding and what it entails.

Types Of Welding

Let’s take a look at some of the most common forms of welding that are used today.

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), also known as MIG welding, is one of the most popular types of welding in use today. It uses a continuously fed wire electrode combined with an inert gas shield to protect the weld from contamination. The gas helps to create a more consistent weld than traditional stick welding, making GMAW well-suited for mass production operations or structural projects where uniformity is important.

Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)

Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW), or stick welding, is an older form of arc welding that has been around since the early 1900s. It uses an electric current between an electrode and the material being welded, which creates an arc that melts both materials together. This type of welding is often used for outdoor work due to its portability and ease of use.

Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)

Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW) is a type of arc welding that combines MIG welding with SMAW using a flux-cored wire. The flux in the wire acts as a shield against contamination, allowing for faster travel speeds than MIG without sacrificing quality. FCAW also requires less maintenance than other types of arc welding due to its self-shielding capabilities. This makes it ideal for outdoor applications or jobs that require high travel speed and minimal downtime between passes.


Welding Safety

Safety should always be a top priority when performing any kind of welding work. The high temperatures created during the process can cause burns or ignite flammable materials nearby, so it’s important to take all necessary precautions before beginning a job. Proper protective gear such as flame-resistant clothing, helmets, gloves, and masks should always be worn when working with welders or equipment related to them. Additionally, proper ventilation should be used in order to reduce exposure to toxic fumes created by some types of welders.

Welder Training & Certification

In order to become a certified welder you will need to complete specialized training courses in addition to obtaining certification from one or more recognized institutions such as AWS (American Welding Society). This training will teach you how to safely use various types of welders, as well as provide instruction on reading blueprints and other important skills needed for successful operation in this field. After completing training successfully you will receive your certification credentials which will allow you access to higher-paying jobs within the industry depending on your experience level. Welding is an essential skill that is used in many industries around the world today from fabrication shops to construction sites and more; learning how it works is key if you want to pursue a career as a welder or work with any kind of equipment related to it.

There are many different types available that all have their own unique characteristics so it’s important for prospective welders or employers alike to understand what each type entails before making any decisions about which type would best suit their needs. Additionally, safety must always come first when dealing with welders due to both the potential for burn injuries as well as exposure to hazardous gases that are produced during certain processes such as gas welding. With the proper training and certification, anyone can become a successful welder no matter what their experience level may be!

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