Welding is the process of joining metals together using a welding device. Once the two pieces of metal are welded together, they are fused or melted into a single piece. After welding is completed, the joint is just as strong, or even stronger than the two pieces which were used to make the joint. There are, however, a number of hazards associated with welding. If you don’t take proper care, you could suffer from impacts, penetrations, harmful smoke, dust, fumes, light and heat radiation. Therefore, you need to get hold of the right protective equipment which will keep you safe from such hazards.
Protecting Your Face And Eyes
Proper face and eye protection should always be used when welding. A welding helmet, goggles and safety glasses are all very important when practising your welding skills. You should also make sure that all the filter plates and lenses have met the required tests to ensure complete safety in the workshop. A helmet should protect your whole face including your ears, neck and forehead from weld splatter and radiant energy. Goggles or safety glasses are also important to protect against impact hazards like grinding fragments and slag chips which can’t be prevented by a helmet. You can find more information on ratemywelder.com about how to choose the right helmet to suit your requirements.
Protecting Your Body
Although your face may be the most obvious place to protect when welding, you should also cover your body too to guard against any harm. The protective clothes you need will vary depending on the location, nature and size of the work you’re carrying out. However, the clothes you choose should cover you adequately and be manufactured from appropriate materials which will minimize the chance of burns from radiation, sparks or spatter. Dark clothes are the best choice as are those made from heavy materials like leather, heavy cotton or wool. This is because they are resistant to deterioration. Never wear any materials which could melt or which could burn you. Avoid rolled up sleeves, pant cuffs and pockets since sparks could become lodged in these and cause burns. You should also ensure you’re wearing flame-resistant protective gloves made from a material like leather. Choose a gauntlet cuff to protect your arm too and ensure the lining is insulated so areas which are exposed to radiant energy will be protected.
Ventilate Your Space
Welding produces a lot of airborne contaminants, so you’ll need to work in a properly ventilated space. Never work in a confined area or with a low ceiling height. Also, ensure that you’re not working in any space with partitions, barriers or balconies which would obstruct ventilation. Sometimes, mechanical ventilation is necessary if an inadequate amount of natural ventilation can be obtained. There are hoods or high-vacuum systems which can be employed in tight spaces or other spaces which don’t meet the requirements for natural ventilation. These mechanical alternatives will ensure that contaminants are removed effectively from the air so that you can breathe safely while at work.
The gases and fumes which are produced by welding can vary depending on which kind of metal is being worked on and which consumables and processes are being used. Coatings such as platings, galvanizing and paint will also have an effect on the amount of pollutants in the air, and therefore air sampling may be required to verify how concentrated toxic gases and fumes are in your work area. You may need to wear respiratory protection depending on which compounds or metals you are welding.
As you can see, there are a number of very important considerations to keep in mind when welding. Although it is a very rewarding job or hobby, it can be a very dangerous one if you don’t take appropriate precautions before getting started. Welding isn’t something that you can just do without doing any research or preparation. It is definitely something which requires a lot of care and attention to ensure that you are well protected and safe throughout the entire process from start to finish. Get it wrong and you could end up very badly injured – something which everyone should want to avoid.