Understanding Liability and Full Coverage Car Insurance

Published On: March 27, 20210 Comments on Understanding Liability and Full Coverage Car InsuranceLast Updated: February 7, 20245 min read

When choosing the best car insurance policy for you, it’s essential to consider the various forms of coverage available and how much coverage you need. One of the first decisions you’ll have to make is whether you want liability insurance or full coverage. To put it another way, liability insurance pays for the harm you cause to others, while complete coverage plans pay for all liability and property damage to your car.

Understanding Liability and Full Coverage Car Insurance

Surex partners with the best car insurance providers in Nova Scotia to provide you with up to ten cheap car insurance quotes in minutes. Our guide will clarify the distinctions between liability and full-coverage insurance and help you assess how much protection you need.

Liability Insurance Versus Full Coverage Insurance

When you drive, your liability insurance will cover damage to other cars and injury to other people. Liability insurance is included in full-coverage plans, as well as provides extra coverage for damage to your car. You must have auto insurance in most jurisdictions, although the minimum coverage provisions are generally limited to liability coverage. While full coverage — a catchall term for policies that cover extensive and crash damage — is never needed by state law. It may be required by your lender if you lease or finance your vehicle.

Understanding Liability Insurance

Many states provide liability insurance, which covers the costs of harm and injury to others caused by you in an accident. To put it another way, liability insurance doesn’t cover damage to your vehicle or personal injuries — just damage to someone for whom you’re legally responsible. There are two forms of liability coverage: bodily injury liability and property damage liability. If you are at fault for the accident, bodily injury compensation will compensate for the other person’s injuries up to the policy’s limits.

Usually, policy limits are represented by two figures:

  • The maximum amount that can be charged per person who has been involved in a car accident.
  • The sum paid for the accident as a whole.

The total sum is usually twice the per-person cap. A policy could, for example, restrict compensation to $15,000 per injured person and $30,000 for all injured people. When you are at fault, property damage insurance compensation covers damages to other cars — or property. This form of coverage’s policy cap is a single dollar sum that reflects the maximum payout per accident. This does not, however, include damage to your car. If you live in a state where car insurance is not required, you are still financially liable for mishaps or property damage caused by an accident. As a result, we suggest that you purchase insurance.

Understanding Full Coverage Insurance

A policy’s total coverage does not indicate that it has all the bells and whistles. This term applies to insurance plans that provide liability, accident, and comprehensive coverage. Collision insurance protects you if your car is hit by another vehicle or object while driving, regardless of who is at fault. Collision coverage is usually not available inadvertently and must be purchased in conjunction with extensive coverage. Non-collision accidents such as arson, theft, and damage caused by nature, natural disasters, falling objects, and animals are protected by comprehensive insurance.

Collision and comprehensive insurance will cover damage to the vehicle up to its current market value. After depreciation expenses, such as wear and tear, are subtracted from the vehicle’s initial purchase price, the actual cash value is calculated. Although full coverage is not mandated by law in every state, it is often required by your lender if you lease or finance your vehicle. You will be responsible for paying the deductible cost, which can vary from $250 to $1,000 for comprehensive and collision insurance.

Understanding Liability and Full Coverage Car Insurance - accident

Which Is Preferable – Full Coverage or Liability Insurance?

Liability insurance is already included in full-coverage plans, so you’ll need to decide if comprehensive and collision coverage would be of help to you. If the value of your vehicle outweighs the expense of adding comprehensive and accident coverage to your policy, we suggest maximum coverage. Factors to consider when determining whether to obtain full coverage or only liability coverage:

1. When is it appropriate to have just liability insurance rather than full coverage?

Usually, state laws only mandate minimum liability coverage; full coverage is not required. However, if your car is leased or financed, the bank or dealer can enable you to purchase a full-coverage policy. This safeguards the lender because you’ll be able to restore the loan’s collateral (your car). You are not obligated to obtain full coverage if you own your car outright. If you have a newer car or one that is still worth a lot of money, complete coverage can be worth the money to shield you from high repair costs after an accident.

2. Is full coverage worth the extra cost if it isn’t required?

The cost differential between liability and comprehensive full coverage insurance may be considerable. Although minimum liability insurance is frequently less costly, full coverage protects you against the cost of damage to your vehicle as well as damage to others.

3. How can you tell if your car is valuable enough to warrant maximum coverage?

The amount of coverage you need is primarily determined by the value of your vehicle. Your car’s worth is determined by its age, mileage, and general wear and tear. Insurers use their methods to measure the value of a used car, and you are unlikely to be able to determine the value of your vehicle on your own.


To mitigate risk and maximize rewards, car owners should select the best car insurance policy plans available. The cheapest alternative is mandatory liability insurance, but it does not protect the policyholder’s interests. As a result, the insurance policy should be chosen based on the car’s make and model, frequency of use, venue, and other factors. You can choose the right car insurance policy by contrasting and reviewing different types of coverage.

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