Understanding the Different Types of Residential Roofing

Whether constructing a new house or remodeling an existing property, selecting the right roof structure will make all the difference. When choosing a roof type or design, consider the climate, architectural style, and costs.

three roofing types

Asphalt shingles are among the most common and affordable Redmond roofing materials. There are also tile and metal options and composite shingles that mimic the appearance of slate or cedar.

Asphalt Shingles

The most common type of roofing material for homes is asphalt shingles. They provide color and pattern options to match any interior design style. Traditional asphalt shingles include architectural shingles and three-tab shingles. Three-tab shingles have a flat appearance and are typically less expensive. However, they last less long or offer manufacturer’s warranties as architectural shingles. A quality shingle will protect your home from extreme weather and other environmental hazards, regardless of color. Keeping it clean from debris and preventing moss or algae growth will lengthen its lifespan.


Metal roofing is making a comeback among homeowners, with many choosing to install them for the durability and longevity of their structure. This roof type also helps to reduce energy costs by reflecting heat away from the house and blocking UV rays. Different types of metal roofing panels are available, including steel and aluminum. These metals are durable and rust-resistant; the former offers a Class A fire rating. Although some people may believe that metal roofs look industrial, there are options to make them aesthetically pleasing. For example, you can choose from various shingle-like styles with factory finishes to make them look like clay tiles, wood shakes, and other designs. This allows them to blend in with residential neighborhoods.

Concrete Tiles

Concrete tiles are versatile and mimic the look of more expensive materials. They can also be used for floors, countertops, and wall cladding. Like asphalt shingles, concrete roof tiles can be made to resemble clay or slate. Unlike metal, concrete roof tiles are fire-safe and do not rust or corrode. These tiles are nailed to battens that run parallel to the roof’s eaves, with gaps left so that water passing through the tiles can drain down to the eaves. They are also nailed to the concrete deck below them. Various profiles are available: flat tiles deliver a clean contemporary appearance, while medium or high-profile tiles evoke the look of Spanish mission and villa styles. They can also be arranged in rows with either lapped or A-line ridging.

roofing tiles


Wood roofs are less common than they used to be, but they can add a classic, rustic look that elevates traditional and ranch-style homes. They’re often made of cedar or softwood that resists rot, insect damage, and general wear. Both shakes and shingles offer a natural appearance that ages into a gray color with time, making them ideal for matching the surrounding environment and increasing curb appeal. They also provide excellent durability and water resistance, and they can hold up to heavy snowfall. However, as organic materials, they’re more prone to mold and mildew growth and can harbor insects like wasps and termites. Modern wood roofs are treated with fire retardants and pressure treatments to help them resist these threats.


Slate roofs are among the most durable roofing materials used for millennia. They are heat-, fire-, and fungus-resistant and have a lifespan of up to 200 years. Additionally attractive, they give your house a sense of sophistication. However, slate can be fragile if handled improperly. This can cause costly damage if someone walks on the roof to work, like an A/C repairman or installing a satellite dish. Additionally, replacing broken slate can be difficult due to its natural form. Slate is not only delicate, but it is also hefty. Consult an expert before installing a slate roof to be sure your house can withstand the weight. A structural engineer may be needed, and your roof may need to be modified.

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